Honduras Facts


Republic of Honduras

President: Juan Orlando Hernández (2014)

Land area: 43,201 sq mi (111,891 sq km); total area: 43,278 sq mi (112,090 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 8,598,561 (growth rate: 1.74%); birth rate: 23.66/1000; infant mortality rate: 18.72/1000; life expectancy: 70.91

Map

Map of Honduras

Map of Honduras

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Tegucigalpa, 1.088 million

Monetary unit: Lempira

National name: República de Honduras

Languages: Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business

Ethnicity/race: mestizo 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

National Holidays / Independence Day, September 15

Literacy rate: 85.1% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $39.23 billion; per capita $4,800. Real growth rate: 2.8%. Inflation: 5.2%. Unemployment: 4.5%. Arable land: 9.07%. Agriculture: bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp. Labor force: 3.507 million (2013 est.); agriculture 39.2%, industry 20.9%, services 39.8%. Industries: sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products. Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower. Exports: $7.881 billion (2013 est.): apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber. Imports: $11.34 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, Belgium, Nicaragua, Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, China, Costa Rica (2012).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 610,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 7.37 million (2012). Broadcast media: multiple privately-owned terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by multiple cable TV networks; Radio Honduras is the lone government-owned radio network; roughly 300 privately-owned radio stations (2007). Internet hosts: 30,955 (2012). Internet users: 731,700 (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 44 km (2012). Roadways: total: 14,742 km; paved: 3,367 km; unpaved: 11,375 km (2012 est.). Waterways: 465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2012). Ports and harbors: La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela. Airports: 103 (2013).

International disputes: International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of “bolsones” (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border in 1992 with final settlement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned in the ICJ ruling, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca; Honduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize in its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Guatemala consent to a maritime corridor in the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum.

Definitions:


Gross domestic product (GDP)
The value of all goods and services produced domestically.
Purchasing power parity (PPP)
The PPP method involves the use of standardized international dollar price weights, which are applied to the GDP produced in a given economy. The data derived from the PPP method provide a better comparison of economic well-being between countries than conversions at official currency exchange rates.
Gross national product (GNP)
The value of all goods and services produced domestically plus income earned abroad, minus income earned by foreigners from domestic production.
c.i.f.
cost, insurance, and freight
f.o.b.
free on board

Inflation is based on consumer prices.

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