Honduras 2012 – Country Profile During 2012


Country Profile

Honduras, the small country that has it all!

Honduras in 2013

Country Profile – How we got our name Geography EconomyTourism Bay Islands Attractions Government Honduras Coup Politics Democracy Political Crisis Official Hymn and Songs Statistics Official Country Symbols and Profile Facebook Visit

Capital: Tegucigalpa
Currency: Honduran Lempira
Government: Constitutional republic
President: Porfirio Pepe Lobo

Population:Population: 8,296,693 (July 2012 est.)

Total Area: 112,090 sq km

GDP: $36.15 billion (2011 est.)

Official language: Spanish Language

How we got our name

Trujillo was an important part of providing a name for the Country as the “word” Honduras which many believe means fondura, and gets its origin from  a Leonese language word meaning anchorage which is one of the first words for the region to appear on a map in the second decade of the 16th century applied to the bay of Trujillo. It was not until the end of the 16th century that Honduras was used for the whole province. Prior to 1580, Honduras referred to the eastern part of the province, and Higueras (Higueras – a reference to the gourds that come from the Jicaro tree, many of which were found floating in the waters off the northwest coast of Honduras); referred to the western part of the country.  Honduras – literally means  “depths” in Spanish. Columbus is traditionally quoted as having written “Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de esas Honduras” (English: “Thank God we have come out of those depths”) while along the northeastern coast of the Bay Islands. However, William Davidson notes that there is no form of this quotation in the primary documents of Columbus’s voyage, and that it in fact comes from accounts over a century later.

Geography

Geographically at the heart of Central America, with shores on both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, Honduras has borders with three of its sister countries in Central America: Guatemala and El Salvador to the west, and Nicaragua to the southeast. It is the most mountainous country in Central America, and yet the only one without any active volcanoes. Additionally, the Bay Islands of Honduras enjoy a privileged geographic location that puts them on the south-eastern end of the great Meso American Barrier Reef, the most bio diverse barrier reef in the World.

Although past volcanic activity is evident throughout its territory, the only conspicuous dormant volcano in its territory is located in the Gulf of Fonseca, and actually forms the lovely symmetrical island known as Isla del Tigre, Tiger Island, where the old port town of Amapala is located. Honduras has approximately 112,500 square kilometers of territory, and is the second largest Central American Republic.

The Honduran People

The country of Honduras is home to people of various ancestries. The
Garifuna communities (known in Europe as the Black Caribs) are found on the Bay Island of Roatan, on Cayos Cochinos (the Hog Islands), and along the costal towns of Honduras.

The ancient Maya left the Copan Ruins archaeological site (considered one of the most artistically advanced and detailed of all Mayan cities), where nearby the modern Maya, known as the Chortí Indians, can still be found. The Miskito Indians’ most popular habitat in Honduras became famous after it was introduced in Paul Theroux’s novel, “The Mosquito Coast” which depicted the La Moskitia area. Other ethnic groups include the Lenca, Pech, Tolupan (Jicaque), and Tawahka Indians.

Native Hondurans are called ‘Catrachos’. The term Catracho comes from the mid-19th century when Honduran General Florencio Xatruch returned from battle with his soldiers after defeating American William Walker, whose purpose was to conquer Central America. When the soldiers returned, Nicaraguans yelled out ¡Vienen los Xatruches!, which means “Here come Xatruch’s boys!” Nicaraguans had a difficult time pronouncing Xatruch so they altered the phrase to “los catruches” and ultimately settled on los “Catrachos”.

Economy

The Honduran economy has managed to diversify itself in the past 20 years. Back in the early 1900s, Honduras was known as the original Banana Republic and was the largest producer and exporter of bananas in the world. During the 1990s, tax incentives made the country an extremely attractive place for investment in bond manufacturing (maquiladoras). As such, the country actually became competitive with Mexico, and many international manufacturers, including Korea, Taiwan, Pakistan, and the USA, set up business in Honduras. These in bond manufacturing enterprises have become the largest year round employers in the country. Additionally, the Republic has become a huge supplier of quality coffee worldwide. Being the 5th world producer of coffee, Honduras produces and exports more coffee than any one of its sister Central American countries. Another major product is African Palm oil, widely used to produce vegetable oil, as well as soaps, and other related goods. Choluteca has large plantations that produce watermelon and cantaloupe for export.

Tourism

Honduras is the only one of the five Central American countries that has developed its Caribbean shores. With over 600 km (approximately 360 miles) of coastline on the Caribbean, cities like Tela, La Ceiba and Trujillo have all slowly developed a tourism infrastructure, and offer quality hotels on the beaches. Tela, for example, is in the process of a master tourism development plan that includes a Gary Player signature golf course, a marina, and a complex of condominiums, villas and hotels that are taking into serious account, the sustainability of the environment and the local communities.

There is a strong network of National Parks and protected areas along the north coast of Honduras, that have actually created a biological corridor along Honduras’s Caribbean coastline. Beginning with Cusuco National Park in San Pedro Sula, Jeannette Kawas or Punta Sal National Park on the western side of Tela, Punta Izopo National Park on the east side of Tela, following with Texiguat Wildlife Refuge between Tela and La Ceiba, Cuero y Salado Wildlife Refuge just west of La Ceiba, Pico Bonito and Nombre de Dios National Parks in La Ceiba, and finishing with Capiro y Calentura National Park and Guaymoreto Lagoon Wildlife Reserve in Trujillo, and the Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve, there are at least 10 protected areas within this region of Honduras, providing some of the richest biodiversity on the Americas in this one, small country.

Bay Islands

The Bay Islands of Honduras are gems in the Western Caribbean, providing a different culture and scenery to that of the mainland. The islanders of Utila, Roatan and Guanaja are all proud of their British heritage, and these English speaking islands have become a true favorite for both leisure travellers and diving fans, as well as for investors looking to purchase a piece of paradise to retire in.

Attractions

Those looking for culture will fall in love with the magical archaeological site in Copan, a legacy of the magnificent Mayan culture, with the most elaborate high relief sculptures and writings in the Americas. Copan

offers the best insight to the Mayan civilization that you will find!

Small colonial cities surrounded by majestic mountains and populated by friendly, hard working populations are a treat for those looking to get an insight into what life is like in Central America. Cities like Gracias Lempira, Santa Rosa de Copan, Siguatepeque, Comayagua are but a few of such cities that you will enjoy.

However not everything is pretty sleepy towns and villages, Honduras is the only Central American country to have two truly important cities that are fully developed, Tegucigalpa, the capital is home to one and half million inhabitants, and is the political center of Honduras, and is a bustling city that grew from a small mining town in the mid 1850’s, San Pedro Sula, on the North coast, has grown in the last half a century to be the largest non capital city in Central America, and boasts the most important international airport in Honduras, has become the manufacturing and financial centre of the country. Its proximity to the largest and best port facility in Central America, Puerto Cortes has no doubt played an important role in the fast growth of this city.

On the Pacific, Honduras shares the Gulf of Fonseca with its neighbours, Nicaragua and El Salvador. Two relatively large islands, Isla del Tigre, and Isla Zacate Grande are within its territory and provide the largest tourism potential in the Gulf. Although there are a few nice, black sand beaches of volcanic origin, Honduras does not have many beaches to boast on the Pacific, and unlike its neighbouring countries, surfing is not an option on Honduran territory due to the fact that its few beaches are protected by the islands and the narrow entrance to the Gulf of Fonseca, which in reality is more of a large bay that a gulf. Most of the coastline is actually mangrove forests and mangrove islands, that are home to many different species of marine and bird life, with a fairly large area, known as the Refugio de Vida Silvestre Bahia de Chismuyo, (Bay of Chismuyo Wildlife Reserve) being the largest protected area within the entire Gulf of Fonseca. The largest city on the Honduran Pacific coast is San Lorenzo, which is home to the port of Henecan, the only active commercial port in the Pacific for Honduras. Honduras has only two departments (equivalent to states) Valle, named after one of the Honduran independence heroes, is on the western half of the Gulf, and borders with El Salvador. Its capital, Nacaome, is one of the older colonial cities in the country and is famous for being one of the hottest spots in the country. Although not the capital, San Lorenzo is the most important city, basically because it is the only port on the Honduran Pacific. Neighboring Valle towards the east is Choluteca, another department that gets its name from one of the pre-Columbian culture that was present in the area at the time of the conquest.

Government

Officially independent from Spain since the 15th of September, 1821, Honduras will soon celebrate 200 years of independence. Politically, it has a democratic government with three distinct and separate powers, the executive branch, which is headed by an elected president that can not be re-elected, the legislative branch, which is headed by a congress with 128 elected congresspersons, and a judicial branch, which is formed by a team of 15 judges that are elected by Congress every 7 years. The presidential and congressional elections are celebrated every four years.

The country is divided into 18 departments, and each of them has a series of municipalities, (298 municipalities in total for the whole country). The municipalities are run by mayors that are elected every four years at the same time as the presidential elections.

The Honduran elections take place every four years, and are managed by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, an independent entity that is responsible for organizing the event, registering the candidates, counting the votes, and declaring the winners. Since 1982, there have been a total of eight electoral events, during which Hondurans elected their president, the 128 congressmen, and 298 city mayors. In total, there have been three elections where the National Party won, and five where the Liberal Party won. The last election took place on Sunday, the 27th of November 2009, in accordance to the Honduran constitution that defines Election Day as the last Sunday in November, every four years. The national electoral tribunal called for elections six months prior to this date, complying with the national electoral law.

 

Honduras

 

Politics

Historically, during the three century long domination of Spain in the Americas, Central America was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, whose headquarters was Mexico City. When Mexico achieved its independence in 1821, all of Central America became independent and actually formed part of the first Mexican Government under Emperor Agustin Iturbide. During colonial times, and because of the huge size of New Spain, the Spanish Crown created the administrative office known as the “Capitania General de Guatemala” the General Captaincy of Guatemala, where the administration of the 7 Central American provinces took place. These seven provinces were Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Chiapas and Soconusco. The last two provinces decided to continue being part of Mexico after the fall of Iturbide’s government, but the first five chose to create their own government. For a couple of decades, the five Central American provinces struggled between becoming independent states or creating the Central American Federation; in the end they decided on five separate, independent “states”. It must be stated, however, that the Hondurans always promoted the concept of the Central American Federation, proof of this is the Honduran flag, which has five stars, one for each of the five separate provinces that would have formed this larger state!

Although geographically part of Central America, Belize, known before as British Honduras, has no historical ties to Spain, and was a British colony until its independence in 1981. Panama, on the other hand was part of Viceroyalty of New Granada, which was basically the origin of Venezuela and Colombia, and after independence from Spain was part of Colombia until 1903, when the United States promoted the independence of Panama from Colombia in exchange for the exclusive rights to build and operate the Panama Canal and full control of the 10 mile wide Panama Canal Zone.

During the 1970’s and 1980’s Central America found itself caught in the middle of the cold war between the communist regime in the USSR and the capitalist regime of the USA. Civil strife soon emerged as a serious problem in El Salvador and Guatemala, where communist guerrillas where backed by Cuba and the USSR, Nicaragua was under the iron hand of Anastasio Somoza, who had complete support of the USA. Honduras developed a close relationship with the USA during these years. After the fall of Somoza in Nicaragua in 1979, Honduras remained the only loyal ally to the United States, and allowed the Reagan government to launch its contra war against Nicaragua from within its territory. The United States even established a military base in the heart of Honduras, very close to the city of Comayagua, where the base still operates camouflaged as a Honduran Air force base, but with US military personnel. The base is known locally as Palmerola, although the official name is Soto Cano Air Force Base.

Basically, from 1960 to 1982 Honduras was under military rule, with a series of different military leaders in charge during the period. As of 1982, the return of civil government took place, with general elections and the institution of the new Constitution known as the 1982 Constitution. (Honduras has had many short lived constitutions in its short existence and an independent state, the current 1982 constitution, which is now 30 years old, is the longest lived one in Honduran history!) Since then, there have been a total of 8 general elections with peaceful and orderly handing over power. The one brief exception was the ousting of President Zelaya in 2009 due to his disobedience to an order issued by the Supreme Court regarding his attempt to modify the constitution to allow his re-election.

Tourism

Tourism had been on an upswing; however this activity has taken a beating since the 2009 political crisis and the false perception of Honduras as a dangerous destination for travellers. However, by far the largest generator of hard currency for the country of Honduras corresponds to the funds that are sent oversees by migratory workers who live in the USA, Spain and Canada in that order.

Democracy in Honduras

The title of this section of this article might seem out of place to most visitors to Honduras, especially after what the majority of international press articles have said about our country over the past few years. However, it must be said that there are always two sides to a coin, and most Hondurans today feel proud of their country and its young democracy.

Honduras returned to civil, democratic government in 1982. Its modern political scheme has been ruled by two large parties, the Liberal Party, considered not only the largest Honduran political party, but also the largest Central American political institution, and the National Party. Both parties are basically right of center as far as ideology goes, with the Liberal party being left of the National party. There are three other small political parties, commonly referred to as emerging parties, these are the PINU (Basically standing for party of innovation and unity) the Honduran Christian Democratic Party, and the UD (standing for Democratic Union Party). This last one being the most left wing political party in the country.

Our current constitution, which was written and approved in 1982 calls for a central government with three powers, the executive, lead by a president elected for a four year term with no reelection possible, the legislative, represented by a congress of 128 congressmen, also elected every 4 years, and where reelection is possible, and the judicial, headed by a supreme court with 15 judges elected every 7 years by congress. The country is divided politically into 18 departments and has a total of 298 municipalities. Each municipality elects its own city mayor and council, who rules for 4 years. Reelection is also permitted on a municipal level.

The last election took place on Sunday, the 27th of November 2009, in accordance to the Honduran constitution that defines Election Day as the last Sunday in November every 4 years. The National Electoral Tribunal called for elections 6 months prior to this date, complying with the national electoral law.

Chronology of events of the 2009 Honduran Political Crisis

What is little known, is that then president, José Manuel Zelaya Rosales “Mel Zelaya”, tried to block these elections. His reasons for such an atrocity???? He had the intention of following the footsteps of his cronies, Hugo Chavez of Venezuela, Rafael Correa of Ecuador and Evo Morales from Bolivia, each of whom called for the writing of a new constitution that would allow reelection of its presidents. All three of them rewrote their constitutions and got re elected with extra powers given to them by the new constitution, breaking the balance between the three powers that is vital for a modern democratic state. You see, during the XX century, every single country in Latin America rewrote their constitutions to ban presidential reelections, because each of them ended up with a president who decided he liked being the boss and didn’t want to give the job up, most of those individuals ended up being dictators! A constitutional ban on presidential reelections seemed as the logical political inoculation against these individuals.

Honduras is no exception, and when power once again returned to a civilian democracy, those elected to write a new constitution tried hard to make sure that there would be no turning back and that presidents would not be able to seek re election. When Zelaya, in mid 2008, started a populist discourse seeking to ask the people of Honduras whether they agreed to rewrite the constitution, the Supreme Court immediately issued a decree stating that such an action was unconstitutional. Zelaya’s timing however, had been carefully planned, since the Supreme Court had to be replaced in January 2009. The process, in which civil entities, including the Honduran Bar Association proposes a list of at least 90 candidates to the National Congress, and this entity then must come together and select the 15 magistrates that will form the Supreme Court for the next 7 year period.  Mel Zelaya used all of his political weight to influence Congress, which had a Liberal Party majority (he himself was the Liberal Party candidate during the 2005 presidential elections) to choose magistrates that were on his own political agenda, as a matter of fact, he went as far as proposing Sonia Marlina Dubon, the wife of his then minister of the presidency as the person who should occupy the presidency of the Supreme Court!

As Congress convened and tried to come to an agreement as to who the final appointees should be, Zelaya sent in his appointed vice president, Aristedes Mejia, who had previously been Minister of Defense under Zelaya, and Enrique Flores Lanza, his Minister of the Presidency into the Congress to cause confusion and pressure Congress into selecting the magistrates that he wanted, making use of the fact that his party controlled the biggest block of seats in Congress.  Zelaya did not want Congress to reach an agreement before the 26th of January, 2009, if he could avoid such an agreement, he would have the perfect excuse to dissolve Congress and name his own Supreme Court! In the end, Congress reached an agreement, came up with the 15 judges and shut the doors on Zelaya’s effort to make his Fujimori style coup!

Zelaya, however, did not give up and called for a referendum to determine if there should be a 4th ballot box included in the November elections. There are three ballot boxes in Honduran Elections, one for president, one for Congress and one for municipal authorities. He wanted a fourth ballot box to determine if Hondurans should write a new constitution up, which evidently, would allow presidential re election. As it turns out, the Honduran 1982 Constitution has a lock on it! Article 374 states that anyone who tries to change certain unchangeable articles is committing treason against the state of Honduras and automatically losses whatever post he has in government and can not be reelected or hold public office again for a period of ten years. As a matter of fact, the mere suggestion to write a new constitution to change those articles has the same effect.

The attorney general of Honduras courteously advised president Zelaya that the referendum was illegal. Zelaya, not to be rebuffed, determined that he would ask the citizens of Honduras what they thought, and called for national survey to determine what the people of Honduras thought about a new constitution for the country, convened his cabinet and came up with a cabinet agreement to hold the survey on the 30th of June 2009. The Attorney General filed a suit against the president claiming that the action was clearly unconstitutional, and the Supreme Court convened to discuss the issue, coming to a unanimous agreement that the survey was indeed unconstitutional. At this point, Zelaya answered saying that the survey would take place, and that no one, including the Catholic Patron of Honduras, the Virgin of Suyapa, nor Kaliman, a popular superman like Latin-American cartoon character, would stop it!

By mid June, there was a very apprehensive feeling going around in Honduras. The Attorney General and Supreme Court of Honduras had informed the President that he was out of line. Congress was trying to decide if President Zelaya should be officially removed from office. The Honduran Armed Forces where faced with following illegal orders from their commander in chief or not. Zelaya pushed things further, and ordered the army to receive a Venezuelan jet that arrived from San Salvador with the boxes and ballots for the survey and to dispatch them under their custody throughout the country to have them ready for the June 30 survey. The Supreme Court ordered the army to confiscate the ballots and left them in custody of the military establishment at the air force base in Tegucigalpa. The Commander of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Romeo Vazquez Velazquez finally breaks his silence and informs the president that the military cannot comply with his orders because they are illegal, Zelaya fires Vazquez Velazquez and commanders of the Honduran Navy, Air Force and Army present their resignations as a sign of support for their fired general. At this point, the Minister of Defense, Edmundo Orellana, one of  Zelaya’s strongest supporters resigns from his job. While Zelaya is left scrambling to appoint new generals to lead the military, Congress and the Supreme Court both agree that the firing of Vazquez Velazquez is out of order and illegal, and reinstate him in office. Zelaya, in a desperate show of force, calls for a group of supporters, forms a mob which he personally leads and storms into the air force base, forcefully taking the boxes and ballots for his survey from the military warehouses. (The military were forced to choose between allowing the president and his mob the run of the place or shoot them down, fortunately, they did the first). Zelaya was not turning back, having lost the support of the Army, Congress, Attorney General and Supreme Court; he turned to the teachers union, a powerful union that is always in search of more power and benefits for themselves ( Their salary is indexed to the minimum wage, every lempira raised to the general public means they get a 7 lempira raise, thus, they got a  Lps 14,700 raise in 2009 despite the fact that they only worked in classroom 100 days!). He also convened a cabinet meeting and modified the previous cabinet decree calling for the 4th ballot survey, which had been declared illegal, and actually called for a new constitution. The cabinet decree went to press late on Friday, 28th of June, and would not hit the streets until Monday, the 1st of July on the hopes that nobody would take note on Saturday of the coup he had already set up.

The survey was to take place on the 28th of June, except it was no longer a survey it was a call for a new constitution!  The teachers union was in charge of the ballots and boxes, anyone could vote, there were no restrictions, you could vote in any location and there would not be any ink on your fingers. The scam was perfect, have a group of citizens going from one ballot box to another always voting to change the constitution. At the end of the day, with a clear completely illegal win, he would follow the “instructions” the citizens had just given him and would dissolve Congress and the Supreme Court and call for a new constitution with elections to be held as soon as the constitution was approved…

On the morning of June 28th , the military executed an arrest warrant against President Manuel Zelaya. The warrant was issued by the Supreme Court. The Military decided that for Zelaya’s security, it would be best to take him out of the country and flew him to Costa Rica. Congress convened in an emergency session and decided that since the legal vice president had resigned to seek the nomination as the Liberal Party candidate for the 2009 presidential elections, and following the constitutional succession, Roberto Michelletti Bain, president of Congress, should assume the presidency of the executive power. In a historic vote with 122 votes in favor and 6 absentees, Roberto Michelletti was sworn into office as President of Honduras.

When President Michelletti assumed the presidency of Honduras, the state did not have a budget! Zelaya’s administration had refused to send a budget for approval to Congress. Zelaya argued that his administration was too busy to waste time on getting a budget together, so he was working with the budget that had been approved for 2008. This means that the 2009 elections were not even budgeted for! By July 1st, 2009, the national electoral tribunal had received less that 5% of the budget they needed to have the November Elections. Congress had been without funds for over 3 months because President Zelaya wanted to punish them for not having named his nominees for the Supreme Court. The first decision that President Michelletti made when sworn into power was to insure that the National Electoral Tribunal had the necessary funds to insure the elections would take place according to the Honduran Constitution.

During the short period of time when President Michelletti has been in office, it must be said that the balance between the three powers of state worked like a clock! What is a miracle is the fact that the country and its young democracy survived the wrath of Chavez and his cronies, who in a very astute manner got the unanimous support of all the countries in the world for his cause against Honduras. Our closest allies, including the United States turned their backs upon Honduras, and yet Hondurans stood proudly for what they believed in. In the end, Zelaya and Michelletti signed the Tegucigalpa– San Jose Agreement, which among other things gave Congress the responsibility to decide whether Zelaya should be reinstated or not. In a Historic vote on December 2, 2009, Congress convened and voted 111 votes against reinstating him,15 in favor and 2 absentees.

In conclusion, it must be recognized that democracy in Honduras has worked, that the principal of democracy in Honduras survived the pressures of outside forces, and that the balance between the three powers of state has preserved the democratic freedom. Although Latin American governments have been extremely harsh towards the Honduran Constitutional government, it is really interesting to see that citizens of these countries have stood up to applaud the courage of Honduran people and their government.Honduras as a whole deserves international recognition.

So what does all of this have to do with you??? Well, the bottom line is that if you are planning on relocating or investing in Real Estate in the Caribbean or Latin America, chances are your investment in Honduras is safer that in most countries in the region. Hondurans have made it clear that they do not believe in the XXI century socialism that Chavez promotes. This means that Honduras is a safe investment haven as far as respect for private property and foreign investment.Honduras believes that its future lies in a good relationship with the USA and Europe, not with Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador and Bolivia. Hondurans have said no to the populist demagogic rhetoric that Chavez, Kirchner, Correa, Morales and Castro thrive on. So I invite you to come back to Honduras, visit it, discover it, you will find that our slogan is right: Honduras, the Central America you know, the country you’ll love!

Official Hymn / Songs of Honduras

Hymn Length MP3
National Hymn of Honduras 2:38 Listen
Hymn of the Pine 2:04 Listen
Hymn of Christopher Columbus 2:18 Listen
Hymn of José Trinidad Cabañas 3:25 Listen
Hymn of the Mother 1:52 Listen
Hymn of La Granadera 1:45 Listen
Hymn of Lempira 2:24 Listen
Hymn of Francisco Morazán 3:23 Listen
Hymn of the Teacher 1:34 Listen
Hymn of Padre José Trinidad Reyes 1:47 Listen

Latest Official UN  

Honduras Statistics

for 2012

Official Country Name:
Republic of Honduras

 

– República de HondurasLocation: Where is Honduras?


Honduras Honduras
Honduras Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Libre, Soberana e Independiente”(Spanish)
“Free, Sovereign and Independent”
Capital
(and largest city)
Tegucigalpa
14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.1°N 87.217°W / 14.1; -87.217
Official language(s) Spanish
Recognized regional languages English, Garifuna, Miskito,and other indigenous languages.
Ethnic groups 88% Mestizo mixture of European and American Indian
4% Amerindian
4% Black
4% White
Demonym Honduran, Catracho, Catracha
Government Constitutional republic
President Porfirio Lobo Sosa
Vice President María Antonieta de Bográn
President of the National Congress Juan Orlando Hernández
President of the Supreme Court Jorge Rivera Avilés
Legislature National Congress
Independence from Spain, First Mexican Empire, and the Federal Republic of Central America
Declared 15 September 1821 (as part of Federal Republic of Central America)
from the First Mexican Empire 1 July 1823
Declared 5 November 1838 (as Honduras)
Geographic Area
Total 112,492 km2 (102nd)
43,278 sq mi
Population 7,754,687 (2011) World Bank
8,296,693 (July 2012 est. CIA Fact Book)
2007 census 7,529,403
Density 64/km2 (128th)
166/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
Total $35.697 billion 
Per capita $4,345 
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
Total $17.381 billion
Per capita $2,115
Gini (1992–2007) 55.3 (high)
HDI (2010) increase 0.604 (medium) (106th)
Currency Lempira (HNL)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
Drives on the Right
ISO 3166 code HN
Internet TLD .hn
Calling code 504

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