Honduras is located in the heart of Central America, actually very close to being in the heart of the Americas! With almost 112,500 square kilometers, equivalent to about 43,450 square miles, its size is roughly the same as that of the state of Ohio in the US or slightly larger than the size of Bulgaria in Europe. Despite its relatively small size, Honduras has shores with both the Caribbean Sea as well as with the Pacific Ocean. To the west it borders with Guatemala and El Salvador and to the East Southeast with Nicaragua. The Caribbean Sea lies to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Honduras is the most mountainous country in Central America, and yet it has no active volcanoes. About 50 % of its territory is still covered by forests, with pine forests being predominant in the interior and highlands and broad-leaf forests along the Caribbean Sea.
Honduras is gifted with a variety of tourist attractions that make it an extremely diverse country with very high quality options: It has some of the best Archaeological sites in the Mayan World: Copan is living proof of the magnificent Mayan civilization that flourished here over thirteen centuries ago. The best diving in Central America can be done at the magnificent barrier reefs in the Bay Islands, part of the worlds most bio diverse barrier reef system! Colonial cities, living cultures, extensive national parks and best of all, an outstanding Honduran hospitality all come together to offer a truly unique travel destination: Honduras! Our slogan is “The Central America you know… The country you’ll love!
Honduras has over 600 kilometers of shoreline on the Caribbean Sea and the largest island archipelago in Central America, the Bay Islands of Utila, Roatan and Guanaja, offering a true paradise. As a matter of fact, Honduras is the only country in the region that has developed its Caribbean Coast, with cities like Tela, La Ceiba, Trujillo and Omoa offering different options that include tropical beaches, quaint Garifuna villages, historical colonial fortresses that stand as mute testimony of the colonial days when the Spanish Conquerors fought against the British buccaneers for control of the land and its riches, but above all, for the trading routes in the Caribbean!.
The Pacific coast is also unique: Honduras shares a large bay, known as the Gulf of Fonseca with El Salvador and Nicaragua. The area has some of the best preserved colonial towns in Honduras, such as Choluteca and Nacaome. The Historic port at Amapala, on Isla del Tigre (Tiger Island) is another interesting town to visit. The shoreline along the Gulf of Fonseca offers few beaches, and is mainly mangrove forests, providing a unique habitat for marine birds. The best mangrove forests in the gulf are on Honduras’ shores, with the Bay of Chismuyo Wildlife Reserve being the crown jewel.
Western Honduras offers lovely pine forested mountains, with some of the most picturesque colonial towns and cities. Here coffee plantations mix with colourful villages, friendly people and charming colonial towns and cities. Gracias a Dios, Santa Rosa de Copan and La Esperanza are fine examples of these lovely cities, and the towns of La Campa and San Manuel Colohete near the City of Gracias a Dios are two charming villages that have a lot of personality and are colonial gems. Finally, the magnificent ruins of Copan, next to the town of Copan Ruinas offer the most artistic and most studied archaeological site in the Mayan World.
For those looking for nature, Honduras offers many different options: The largest and most interesting is without doubt the Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is located on the Caribbean Coast, adjacent to the Border with Nicaragua. Here you will find fine game fishing, teeming wildlife, impenetrable forests and native people that still speak their own language, the Miskitos. The two largest rivers in the country, the Coco and Patuca both drain into this region. For a unique experience book a 10 day expedition down the Platano River, where you will raft down this magnificent water way, sneaking up on wildlife that comes to the river to drink water; enjoy the thrill of some adrenalin rushing through your system while navigating through the white waters and sneak up on a centuries old petroglyphs along the rivers banks.
Another unique nature area is the City of La Ceiba on the Caribbean Coast. A fantastic combination that offers tropical rain and cloud forests at the Pico Bonito National Park, mangrove forests and marine estuaries at the Cuero y Salado Wildlife Refuge and the Hog Keys Archipelago located just 14 km off the coast that are protected as a National Marine Monument. Here you can hike the parks, do superb bird watching or raft down the magnificent white waters of the Cangrejal River. In this area, small, intimate lodges like La Vila de Soledad offer the perfect setting for a visit to nature without giving up the comfort of home! A visit to the Garifuna Village at Chachahuate Key at the Hog Keys (Cayos Cochinos) will give you an insight to the unique Garifuna culture. Best of all, these are all great one day activities from La Ceiba, a rare combination that is worth taking advantage of.
Lake Yojoa, the only natural lake in Honduras also offers a wildlife paradise. Surrounded by two national parks, Azul Meambar and Santa Barbara, Lake Yojoa has a nice archaeological park, Los Naranjos, and offers unique bird watching conditions. Fishing and sailing are also available in the area, making of it a very complete destination.
Central Honduras where Tegucigalpa, is located, provides access not only to the capital city, but also to many nice colonial towns, such as Santa Lucia, Valle de Angeles, Ojojona, Sabana Grande and Comayagua, the old colonial capital. This area is rich in history, with the largest concentration of museums and colonial buildings in the country
Finally, San Pedro Sula the industrial and financial center in the country is a modern and bustling city, with a variety of first class hotels and restaurants and a great entry port to visit the country.
For more Honduras Travel Tips see our complete section.